Examination of an offshore-replenished beach in New York City in 1995 revealed that it contained anthropogenic debris from the distant past. Dating of the debris determined that the archeological items were deposited from a category 1 hurricane that made landfall in New York City on the nights of 23–24 August 1893. This “midnight storm” caused great damage in spite of its relatively low category on the Saffir-Simpson scale. A detailed study of the storm was conducted because it was the first hurricane to hit a major metropolitan area with many high-rise buildings. Subsequent discovery of the original weather records from New York City allowed for the re-creation of meteorological conditions in 1893, and they account for the great destruction it caused. The meteorological data were also used to conduct a SLOSH analysis that provided additional information on the storm. These analyses helped to determine why the damage was so high. The results of this study have provided valuable information for damage mitigation in future northern hurricanes.
In Hot Carbon, John F. Marra tells the untold story of this scientific revolution. He weaves together the workings of the many disciplines that employ carbon-14 with gripping tales of the individuals who pioneered its possibilities. He describes the concrete applications of carbon-14 to the study of all the stuff of life on earth, from climate science’s understanding of change over time to his own work on oceanic photosynthesis with microscopic phytoplankton. Marra’s engaging narrative encompasses nuclear testing, the peopling of the Americas, elephant poaching, and the flax plants used for the linen in the Shroud of Turin. Combining colorful narrative prose with accessible explanations of fundamental science, Hot Carbon is a thought-provoking exploration of how the power of carbon-14 informs our relationship to the past.”
EES PhD student Aaron Davitt has first authored a paper with Prof McDonald as a coauthor in the IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing entitled:
“How to Lose the Hounds”: Tracing the Relevance of Marronage for Contemporary Anti-Police Struggles by Celeste Winston.
Advisor: Ruth Wilson Gilmore
This dissertation analyzes the interconnected practices of flight from slavery and flight from policing. Focusing on Black communities within Montgomery County, Maryland, I provide evidence for how local legacies of enslavement and flight from slavery have empowered later generations of residents, including people still living there today, to practice safety and security on their own terms, beyond policing. I draw on archival and ethnographic research in seven Black communities in Montgomery County to document historical and ongoing local Black life practices and organizing against and outside of policing. I center these communities’ past and present placemaking and collective strategies of valuing their own humanity as a model for police abolition—the end of policing and the building of something new.
As a guiding theory, I developed the concept “maroon geographies” to emphasize connections between slavery-era and more contemporary Black flight and placemaking beyond racial police violence. Marronage—which is the practice of flight from slavery—allowed slaves to assert their freedom and, at times, to create communities that were physically removed from the dominant slave society. Black people who escaped or were freed from slavery established several rural, urban, and suburban towns sustained as multi-generational Black communities in the present-day United States. Like maroon communities during slavery, these Black enclaves, across later generations, developed various levels of autonomy from the operations of dominant society. Together, Black communities and their slavery-era predecessors form “maroon geographies” defined by Black-led, place-based communal struggles against state and extralegal racial and economic violence.
My findings show how generations of residents in Montgomery County’s Black communities have lived and continue to live out abolitionist praxes in their daily lives—from fleeing slave catchers, some of the earliest policing efforts in this country, to not relying on police to resolve issues nor to ensure safety in their communities. I discuss the local history and folklore around marronage in Montgomery County and connect it to continued anti-police practices and organizing. I examine local acts of refusal of and flight from policing, and I outline a model of maroon restorative justice based in examples from local Black communities. Further, I highlight Black epistemologies and practices of community beyond policing, rooted in marronage and characterized by radical visions of places that fulfill human needs. These Black geographic visions, I contend, show that community safety and security are already operating outside of policing.
Professor Nazrul Khandaker has been named a GSA Fellow!
The GSA Fellowship is given only to 3% of the membership (over 20,000) and it is a prestigious award.
“GSA Fellowship is an honor that is bestowed on the best of our profession.
GSA members are elected to Fellowship in recognition of a sustained record of distinguished contributions to the geosciences and to the Geological Society of America.
The Geological Society of America (GSA) is a global professional society with a membership of more than 20,000 individuals in more than 100 countries. GSA provides access to elements that are essential to the professional growth of earth scientists at all levels of expertise and from all sectors: academic, government, business, and industry. The Society unites thousands of earth scientists from every corner of the globe in a common purpose to study the mysteries of our planet (and beyond) and share scientific findings.”
Newly elected Fellows will be recognized at the Presidential Address and Awards Ceremony held at the Annual Meeting in September.
Another publication is forthcoming from our Urban Soils group headquartered at Brooklyn College. Abstract below.
Green Infrastructure Design Influences Urban Soil Bacteria Communities by Joyner, Kerwin, Deeb, Lozefski, Paltseva, Prithiviraj, McLaughlin, Cheng, Groffman and Muth.
The importance of natural ecosystem processes is often overlooked in urban areas. Green Infrastructure (GI) features have been constructed in urban areas as elements to capture and treat excess urban runoff while providing a range of ancillary benefits, e.g., ecosystem processes mediated by microorganisms that improve air and water quality, in addition to the associations with plant and tree rhizospheres. The objective of this study was to characterize the bacterial community and diversity in engineered soils (Technosols) of five types of GI in New York City; vegetated swales, right of way bioswales (ROWB; including street-side infiltration systems and enhanced tree pits), and an urban forest. The design of ROWB GI features directly connects with the road to manage street runoff, which can increase the Technosol saturation and exposure to urban contaminants washed from the street and carried into the GI feature. This GI design specifically accommodates dramatic pulses of water that influences the bacterial community composition and diversity through the selective pressure of contaminants or by disturbance. The ROWB had the highest biodiversity, but no significant correlation with levels of soil organic matter and microbially-mediated biogeochemical functions. Another important biogeochemical parameter for soil bacterial communities is pH, which influenced the bacterial community composition, consistent with studies in non-urban soils. Bacterial community composition in GI features showed signs of anthropogenic disturbance, including exposure to animal feces and chemical contaminants, such as petroleum products. Results suggest the overall design and management of GI features with a channeled connection with street runoff, such as ROWB, has a comprehensive effect on soil parameters (particularly organic matter) and the bacterial community. One key consideration for future assessments of GI microbial community would be to determine the source of organic matter and elucidate the relationship between vegetation, Technosol, and bacteria in the designed GI features.
Diurnal variations of land surface temperature (LST) play vital role in a wide range of applications such as climate change assessment, land-atmosphere interactions, and heat-related health issues in urban regions. This study uses fifteen years (2003–2017) of daily observations of LST Collection 6 from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments onboard the Aqua and the Terra satellites. A spline interpolation method is used to estimate half-hourly global LST from the MODIS measurements. A preliminary assessment of interpolated LST with hourly ground-based observations over selected stations of the North America shows bias and error of less than 1 K. Results suggest that the present interpolation method is capable in capturing the diurnal variations of LST reasonably well for different land cover types. The diurnal cycle of LST and time of occurrence of maximum temperature are computed from the spatially and temporally consistent interpolated diurnal LST data at a global scale. Regions with higher variability in the timing of maximum LST hours and diurnal amplitude are identified in this study. The global desert regions show generally small variability of monthly mean diurnal LST range, whereas larger areas of the global land exhibits rather higher variability in diurnal LST range during the study period. Moreover, the changes in diurnal temperature range for the study period are examined for distinct land cover types. Analysis of fifteen-year time series of diurnal LST record shows an overall decrease of 0.5 K in amplitude over the Northern hemisphere. However, the diurnal LST range shows variant changes in the Southern hemisphere.
FSCP 81000/African Film History and Theory, 1950-1990, [3 credits], Mondays, 4:15pm-8:15pm. Cross listed with THEA 81600 and CL 80100.
Instructor: Boukary Sawadogo
The birth and development of African cinema in the 1950s started against the backdrop of the discourse of othering in colonial cinema. This is evident in the underlying civilizing mission of documentaries (education, health, agriculture) and travelogues. In addition, there is the quest for exoticism in Hollywood adventure/action film subgenre that prominently feature the three figures of the blonde, the safari hunter, and the native. African cinema started gaining international attention and recognition in the 1960s, with the works of pioneer filmmakers such as Ousmane Sembène, Med Hondo, and Moustapha Alassane. The historical development of African cinema until 1990 is marked with liberation struggle, appropriation of the gaze, and cultural nationalism. From a theoretical standpoint, African cinema can be regarded as a form of oppositional cinema in the vein of anti-establishment movements of the Italian neorealism, French New Wave, Cinema Novo, and Third Cinema.
FSCP 81000/ Lorca, Buñuel, Dalí, Literature, Cinema, Image, [3 credits], Wednesdays, 4:15pm-6:15. Crosslisted with SPAN 85000
Instructor: Paul Julian Smith
This course treats the drama of Federico García Lorca, the silent and Spanish-language films of Buñuel, and some fine art works by Dalí. It also involves close reading of literary, cinematic and fine art texts and analysis of the voluminous and contradictory body of criticism on those texts. It also addresses such questions as tradition and modernity; the city and the country; and the biopic in film and television. The question of intermediality, or the relation between different media, will be examined in its historical and theoretical dimensions. The course will graded by final paper (50%), midterm exam (25%), and final presentation, weekly postings to course website and oral contribution to class (25%).
FSCP 81000/Contemporary Spanish and Mexican Cinema and Television, [3 credits], Wednesdays, 6:30pm-8:30pm. Crosslisted with SPAN 87100.
Instructor: Paul Julian Smith
This course, which is taught in English and requires no knowledge of Spanish, compares and contrasts Spanish and Mexican cinema and television of the last three decades. The course will address four topics in film: the replaying of history, nationality and transnationalism,gender and sexuality, and regionalism and urbanism; and will further study aspects of television fiction. Feature films will be viewed in subtitled versions. Methodology will embrace analysis of the audiovisual industry, film form, and theory. The course grade will be made up of final paper and related presentation (50%), class contribution and weekly postings (25%),and take home exam (25%).
FSCP 81000/ Women and Film, [3 credits], Tuesdays, 4:15pm-8:15pm. Crosslisted with MALS 78500.
Instructor: Elizabeth Alsop
This course will explore female filmmakers’ contributions to global cinema from the studio era to the present, with a particular focus on the ways women have navigated and responded to dominant modes of film production, distribution, and representation. Our primary goals will be to examine the history of women’s labor and creativity in the cinema, while also reckoning with the devalorization of that labor, both in film studies curricula—which has often deprecated the work of women in popular Hollywood genres—and in film history, which continues to minimize the role of female directors in epochal movements. We’ll analyze our weekly screenings in terms of aesthetics and ideology, and consider the ways female filmmakers have engaged with the discourses of feminism, as well as questions of race, class, and sexual identity. We’ll conclude by considering how recent developments, including the #TimesUp and #MeToo movements, have affected women’s roles within the 21st-century media landscape. Screenings may include work by Ida Lupino, Agnès Varda, Věra Chytilová, Chantal Akerman, Barbara Loden, Claudia Weil, Elaine May, Lina Wertmüller, Susan Seidelman, Lizzie Borden, Jane Campion, Julie Dash, Cheryl Dunye, Andrea Arnold, Claire Denis, and Lucrecia Martel. Students will be asked to read essays by scholars such as Laura Mulvey, bell hooks, Claire Johnston, Judith Mayne, Teresa de Lauretis, Tania Modleski, Lúcia Nagib, and Patricia White, among others.
Among the questions we might ask: What have been the prevailing structural constraints faced by female directors in various national contexts? How have industry expectations and cultural biases—regarding gender, genre, and audience—shaped the careers of female filmmakers, and in turn, existing canons? How might film history better account for the work of female editors, producers, and writers, and what is the feminist potential of less auteurist accounts? What should feminist viewers do with the “bad” objects of popular culture? Finally, what “progress,” if any, has been made when it comes to women’s representation behind the camera? How and to what extent might the rise of streaming television platforms be changing the game?
Students will be asked to produce weekly 1-page response papers and a final, 15-20 page paper or creative project. Members of the class would be responsible for facilitating one class session, which includes generating questions and curating additional resources about our screening using a class blog on the CUNY Academic Commons.
EES 70900 – 59979 Sem: Geographic Thought/Theory
GC: R, 2:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m., Rm. TBA, 3 credits, Prof. Gilmore, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 71600 – 59980 Earth Systems I
GC: W, 5:00 – 8:00 p.m., Rm. TBA, 3 credits, Profs. Lindo Atichati/Salmun, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79901 – 59985 Current Issues in EES
GC: R, 5:30-7:30 p.m., Rm. TBA, 1 credit, Prof. Katz, Course open to EES Students.
EES 79903 – 59981 The Nature of Scientific Research
GC: W, 2:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m., 3 credits, Prof. Carmalt, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 59982 (Im)migration and the State
GC: T, 2:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m., Prof. Varsanyi, Course open to all Ph.D. Students.
EES 79903 – 59987 Reading the Grundisse
GC: M, 4:15 p.m. – 6:15 p.m., Prof. Harvey, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79902 – 60008 Presenting Research in Earth and Env Sciences
B: W, 4:15 -6:15 p.m., 2 credit, Rm. Ingersoll 3108, Prof. Cherrier, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79902 – 60009 Professional Portfolios for Earth and Environmental Scientists
B: M, 6:30 p.m. – 9:15 p.m., 2 credit, Rm. Ingersoll 4215, Prof. Powell, Course open to EES Students only
EES 79902 – 600010 Presenting Earth and Environmental Sciences Seminar
B: M, 4:15p.m. -5:55 p.m., 2 credit, Rm. Ingersoll 1127, Prof. TBA, Course open to EES Students only
EES 79903 – 60047 Advanced GIS and Remote Sensing
B: R, 6:05 p.m. – 9:45 p.m., 3 credits, Rm. TBA Prof. Boger, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60049 Biogeochemistry
B: T., 6:30 p.m. – 9:15 p.m., 3 credits, Prof. Groffman, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60051 Isotope Geology
B: W, 6:05 p.m. – 9:45 p.m., Rm. TBA, 3 credits, Prof. Seidemann, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60052 Geostatistics
B: W., 6:05 p.m. – 9:45 p.m., 3 credits, Prof. Smith, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79901 – 60000 Earth and Env Seminar
C: F, 12:45 – 1:45 p.m., Rm. MS-107, 1 credit, Prof. Tzortziou, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60055 Global Env Hazards
C: T, R, 9:00 a.m. – 10:15 a.m. Rm. MS-044, 3 credits, Prof. Segni, Course Open to EES Students only
EES 79903 – 60004 Sus Terres, Aqu, Atm Sys
C: R, 5:20 p.m. – 8:00 p.m., Rm. MR-1128, 3 credits, Prof. McDonald, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60053 Fund Atmospheric Science
C: M, W 12:30 p.m. – 1:45 p.m., Rm. MS-1128, 3 credits, Prof. Booth, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60054 Env Assessment
C: M, 9:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m., Rm. Ms-1128, 3 credits, Prof. Lampousis, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60055 Global Env Hazards
C: T, R, 9:00 – 10:15 a.m., Rm. MS-044, 3 credits, Prof. Lampousis, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60056 Ground Water Hydrology:
C: T, R, 11:00 a.m. – 12:15 p.m., Rm. MS-044, 3 credits, Prof. Zhang, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60023 Env Geophysics
C: M, 2:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m., Rm. MS-107, 3 credits, Prof. Kenyon, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60024 Intro GIS
C: T, 5:00 p.m. – 7:00 p.m., Rm. Ms-044, 3 credits, Prof. TBA, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60057 Earth Mat: Intro Lg Meta Petrol
C: M, W, 2:00 p.m. – 3:15 p.m…, Rm. MS-1128, 3 credits, Profs. Black, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60025 Isotype Geochemistry
C: T, R, 9:30 a.m. – 10:45 a.m., Rm. MS-1128, 3 credits, Prof. Wang, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60027 Coast/Ocean Proc
C: W, 9:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m., Rm. MS-107, 3 credits, Prof. Tzortziou, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60058 Geologic Field Mapping
C: F, 2:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m., Rm. MS-107, 3 credits, Prof. Kidder, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60059 Intro to Scientific Computing
C: M, W, 3:30 – 4:45 p.m., Rm. NAC 1/302, 3 credits, Prof. Booth, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60029 Energy Policy
H: M, R, 11:10 a.m. – 12:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1022, 3 credits, Prof. Marcotullio, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 –60031 Geog Sustainable Dev
H: T, R, 4:10 -5:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1022, 3 credits, Prof. Ibrahim, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903- 60015 Intro: Geographic Info Systems
H T, 5:35 – 9:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1090B-2, 3 credits, Prof. Williamson, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903- 60016 Intro: Geographic Info Systems
H M, 5:35 – 9:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1090B-1, 3 credits, Prof. Gong, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60017 Concepts and Theories in GeoInfo
H: W, 5:35 – 8:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1022, 3 credits, Prof. Ahearn, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60036 5 Intro: Carto Design and Geovis
H: R, 5:35 – 9:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1090B-2, 3 credits, Prof. Williamson, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60032 Quantitative Methods in Geograph
H: W, 9:10 a.m. – 12:00 p.m., Rm. HN-1090B-2, 3 credits, Prof. Frei, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60039 Geospatial Databases
H: W, 5:35 p.m. – 8:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1090B-2, 3 credits, Prof. Sun, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60018 Advanced Geoinformatics
H: M, 5:35 p.m. – 9:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1090B-2, 3 credits, Prof. Albrecht, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 –60038 GIS Applic: Social
H: R, 1:10 p.m. – 4:00 p.m., Rm, HN-1090B-2, 3 credits, Prof. Pavlovskaya, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60042 Global Climate Change
H: M, R, 51:10 p.m., – 2:25 p.m., Rm, HN-1090B-1, 3 credits, Prof. Rutberg, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60040 Seeing Space: Art, Geography, and the Right to the City
H: W, 4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m., Rm, TBA, 3 credits, Profs. Gilmore/Rodriguez, Course Open to Graduate Center Students only. Instructor Permission only.
EES 79903 – 60034 Digital Image Process & LIDAR
H: T, 5:35 p.m. – 9:25 p.m., Rm, HN-1090B-1, 3 credits, Prof. Ni-Meister, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79904 –60003 GeoComputation 1
H: R, 5:35 p.m. – 9:25 p.m., Rm. HN-1090B-1, 4 credits, Prof. Green, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60066 Data Acquisition and Integrative Methods for GIS Analysis
L: R, 6:00 p.m. – 10:10 p.m., Rm. Gillet 322, 3 credits, Prof. Gorokhovich, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79904 – 60006 Special Topics in Geographic Information Systems
L: T, 6:00 p.m. – 9:30 p.m., Rm. Gillet 322, 4 credits, Prof. Maantay, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79904 – 60007 Principles and Applications in Remote Sensing
L: R, 6:00 p.m. – 10:10 p.m., Rm. Gillet 322, 4 credits, Prof. Machado, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60043 Coastal Estuarine Geology (Lecture)
Q: M, 9:40 a.m. – 11:30 a.m., Rm. SB D237, 3 credits, Prof. McHugh, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60044 Coastal Estuarine Geology (Lab)
Q: W, 9:20 a.m. – 112:10 p.m., Rm. SB D237, 3 credits, Prof. McHugh, Course Open to EES Students only
EES 79903 – 60020 Hydrology
Q: M, W, 5:00 p.m. – 6:15 p.m., Rm.SB E231, 3 credits, Prof. Eaton, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60045 Volcanoes and Climate
Q: T, 5:00 p.m. – 7:50 p.m., Rm.SB D135, 3 credits, Prof. Longpre, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 79903 – 60046 Bioremediation
Q: R, 5:00 p.m. – 7:50 p.m., Rm.SB D135, 3 credits, Prof. Blanford, Course Open to EES Students only.
EES 80500 Independent Study
B, C, H, Q, L 1-3 credits, Staff, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 81000 Research for the Doctoral Dissertation
B, C, H, Q, L 1-3 credits, Staff, Course open to EES Students only.
EES 90000 Dissertation Supervision
B, C, H, Q, L 1 credit, Staff, Course open to EES Students only.
P SC 83502 -60146 Urban studies Core Seminar II
GC: W, 4:15 p.m. – 6:15 p.m., Rm. TBA, 3 credits, Profs. Gutman/Mollenkopf
Env. Psych – Social Theory, Nature, and the Environment
GC: M, 4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m., Rm. TBA, 3 credits, Prof. Checker
WGS 71701 – Global Feminism
GC: M, 11:45 a.m. – 1:45 p.m., Prof. Oza
IDS 81630 – 60288 The Discursive Framing of Climate Change: From Scientific Discourse to the Public Sphere
GC: T, 11:45 a.m. – 1:45 p.m., 3 credits, Profs. Lindo Atichati/del Valle